On September 21, 2021, the first of the required public hearings was conducted to receive public input on the 2021 By-District Council Member Election Boundaries Review Process for the five City Council election districts in the City. On September 30, 2021, a virtual community engagement workshop was held by the Development Services Department seeking input from members of the public on the criteria to be considered while drafting district maps. A news release was published on December 2, 2021, seeking community participation in the redistricting update process and inviting the public to submit draft maps by January 31, 2022. No proposed maps have been submitted by the public to date.
The City Council must adopt boundaries for all the election districts based on 2020 U.S. Census data by April 17, 2022. The districts must be substantially equal in population and in compliance with federal and state law. The draft maps, which are based on existing district boundaries, are currently balanced and have been reviewed for compliance with Federal and State law including the Voting Rights Act and the Fair And Inclusive Redistricting for Municipalities And Political Subdivisions (FAIR MAPS) Act.
The 2020 U.S. Census data was released at the end of September 2021. This data was used to analyze the current district populations to see how they have changed since the last census. The official adjusted (Elections Code Section 21601(a)) requires that the population, as reflected in the Census, be adjusted to redistribute incarcerated prisoners back to their last known place of pre-incarceration residence) 2020 population of Redlands is 73,385, and the ideal district size is 14,680 total persons with no more than a 1,468 difference between the largest and the smallest. The populations of the existing districts as reflected in the adjusted Census data are as follows:
District 1: 14,332
District 2: 14,713
District 3: 14,749
District 4: 14,730
District 5: 14,861
The Supreme Court has held that there need not be perfect equality among the district populations; however, a plan with a "total deviation" exceeding 10% is presumed to be unconstitutionally mal-apportioned. The "total deviation" is calculated by determining the difference in population between the largest and smallest districts and then dividing by the ideal population.
Applying that formula, we subtract the population of District 1, the least populated at 14.332, (2.37% below the ideal) from the population of District 5, the most populated at 14,861 (1.23% above the ideal) to get a range of 529. Dividing that range by the ideal population of 14,680, the "total deviation" of the City's existing district plan is 3.6%, which is less than the permissible amount of 10%. Since the current district populations are within the permissible limits, district boundary lines are not required to be changed as they are substantially equal in population. The current district boundary and population map is an option for the City Council to consider as no changes are required to be made.
In July 2021, the City Council authorized staff to procure the services of a consultant specializing in the California Voting Rights Act of 2001 (CVRA) to assist the Council in potential redistricting of current Council district boundaries.
Materials for members of the public to utilize for drawing draft district maps and submitting proposed maps to the City are available on the City’s redistricting website, as required by state law, which can be found at drawredlands.org where the current election district boundary map, demographics and paper mapping tools can be found. The public is invited to submit information regarding their Communities of Interest and proposed district boundaries for the 2021 redistricting process by January 31, 2022, and all draft maps will be published to the website on February 7, 2022.
The future hearing date to consider draft maps will be held on February 15, 2022, and for final map adoption by April 17, 2022.